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Six essential nutrients our bodies need and why

Six essential nutrients our bodies need and why

What are Nutrients?

Through our meals, we take in nutrients. To perform its necessary functions, the body needs nutrition. Nutrients must be obtained from food because the human body is unable to manufacture them. The three major functions of nutrients in the body are to provide energy, maintain biological structure, and/or control chemical reactions. These fundamental functions let us move, expel waste, breathe, grow, reproduce, feel, and react to our surroundings.  For the body to function and keep up overall health, it needs nutrients from six different groups. These include carbohydrates, fats, proteins, water, vitamins, and minerals. Diets also contain additives like specific colors and preservatives, as well as non-nutrients that may be advantageous or harmful, like antioxidants and naturally occurring toxins that are present in large quantities in plant-based foods.


Protein is having a moment right now, and not only in the fitness industry. However, there’s a valid reason behind all the fuss. Protein is essential for good health. Protein serves as the body’s building blocks and not just for muscles. Every cell in the body, including the skin, hair, and bones, contains protein. Unbelievably, 16% of the average person’s body weight is made up of protein. Protein is typically used for growth, health, and maintenance of the body. All of your hormones, antibodies and other essential components are made of protein. Protein is only used by the body as fuel when it is required. While the body is capable of producing some amino acids, many important amino acids can only be received through diet. A variety of amino acids are required for your body to function properly. It’s helpful to know that you don’t have to ingest all of the amino acids at once. Your body can employ the meals you eat throughout the day to make complete proteins.


The main source of energy for the brain, neurological system, and red blood cells is carbohydrates. This group of nutrients is made up of sugars, starches, and fibers; the first is present in fruit and dairy products. Grain, legumes, and potatoes are the foods that contain starch the most. Both produce glucose, which is used as a vital fuel, particularly for brain activity. We require fiber even though we cannot digest it. While the soluble fiber found in fruits, cereals, and legumes can help lower cholesterol, the insoluble fiber found in whole grains, wheat bran, and veggies helps keep us “regular.” Cutting carbs is a common strategy, but since they are a crucial fuel source, you should consume at least 50 grams per day. Diets and nutrition can be complicated, but if you keep these six straightforward principles in mind when you eat, you’ll feel better.


Food fats provide us with that great tongue feel and smoothness in addition to carrying fat-soluble vitamins. They are also incredibly energizing. Except for omega-3 and 6, almost all fatty acids are produced by our bodies. So, to receive omega-6 fats, be sure to eat grains, nuts, seeds, and veggies. Eat fish once a week to obtain your omega 3s, which protect the heart. These fats help us in many ways, including controlling our immune system, blood pressure, and blood coagulation.


Like vitamins, minerals aid in sustaining the organism. They are crucial for maintaining healthy bones and teeth, controlling your metabolism, and staying adequately hydrated, among many other bodily processes. Calcium, iron, and zinc are the minerals that are most frequently used. In addition to supporting bones, calcium aids in muscle contraction and relaxation, healthy blood pressure maintenance, and nerve signal transmission. While zinc strengthens your immune system and speeds up wound healing, iron supports the production of hormones and red blood cells.


Vitamins are crucial for staying healthy and preventing disease. These micronutrients are necessary for the body to function properly. The body requires a total of 13 important vitamins, including vitamins A, C, B6, and D, for effective operation. Each vitamin has a crucial function in the body, and deficiencies can lead to illness and other health issues. Numerous vital vitamins are not consumed enough by many Americans. Vitamins are necessary for strong bones, skin, and vision.


Water is another nutrient that humans need to have in large amounts. Each molecule of water is made up of two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen, but it does not include any carbon. Water makes up more than 60% of your total body weight. Without it, the body would be unable to transfer anything into or out of it, undergo chemical reactions, cushion the organs, or regulate body temperature. An adult ingests somewhat more than two liters of water daily from meals and beverages combined. The quantity of water input and output is vital since it is essential for life’s fundamental processes, a subject we will go into great length on.

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