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Health & Fitness

Insomnia: Symptoms and causes

Insomnia: Symptoms and causes

You may have difficulties getting asleep, have trouble staying asleep, or wake up too early as a result of a common sleep disorder known as insomnia. You could feel exhausted when you wake up. Along with affecting your energy level and emotions, insomnia can also have a detrimental influence on your health, work productivity, and quality of life.

Although everyone has different sleeping demands, most people require seven to eight hours per night.

Most people eventually experience short-term (acute) insomnia, which can last for a few days or even a few weeks. The cause is frequent stress or a traumatic event. However, a month or longer of persistent long-term insomnia is experienced by certain people. The primary problem may be insomnia, or it may be a result of other conditions or medications.

There is no need for you to experience restless evenings. Making minor adjustments to regular routines can frequently be advantageous.

Types of Insomnia

  • Primary insomnia

This suggests that there is no connection between your sleep issues and any other medical ailment or issue.

  • Secondary insomnia

This indicates that you experience insomnia as a result of a medical condition (such as asthma,depression, arthritis, cancer, or heartburn), pain, medicine, or drug usage (like alcohol).

Symptoms of Insomnia

  • the inability to sleep or the requirement to wake up during the night
  • difficulty falling asleep again.
  • feeling exhausted or tired throughout the day.
  • irritability or a downbeat attitude.
  • memory or attention issues.
  • Daytime drowsiness or fatigue
  • Anger, sadness, or irritability
  • increased mistakes or mishaps
  • persistent concerns about sleep

Causes of Insomnia

Common causes of chronic insomnia include:

  • Poor sleep habits:Poor sleep habits include irregular bedtime routines, naps, stimulating activities immediately before bed, an uncomfortable sleeping environment, and using your bed for work, eating, or watching TV. Using computers, TVs, video games, smartphones, or other electronics right before bed may interfere with your sleep pattern.
  • Stress:It may be challenging to fall asleep at night because of worry about your family, job, health, income, or other issues. Traumatic or stressful life events like divorce, losing your job, or losing a loved one to illness or death can also cause insomnia.
  • Travel or work schedule:Your body’s temperature, metabolism, and sleep-wake cycle are all controlled by your circadian rhythms, which act as an internal clock. A disruption of your body’s circadian rhythms might cause insomnia. Some of the causes include jet lag from changing time zones, working a late or early shift, or often changing shifts.
  • Eating too much late in the evening:A small snack is acceptable before bed, but if you eat too much, you might feel physically uneasy when you lie down. Another common illness that could keep you awake is heartburn, which is the reflux of acid and food into the esophagus after eating.

What are the risk factors for insomnia?

Insomnia affects women more commonly than it does men. Sleep disturbances during pregnancy could be caused by hormonal changes. Other hormonal changes, such as menopause or premenstrual syndrome (PMS), can also affect sleep. Insomnia is a condition that grows more common as people age. Older people may sleep less frequently due to bodily changes brought on by aging, probable medical conditions, and the use of sleep-disrupting medicines.

Insomnia Treatment

Treatment may not be necessary for acute insomnia.

Your doctor may advise you to take sleeping tablets for a limited period if you find it difficult to perform routine tasks because you are weary. Quick-acting but short-lived medications can help you avoid issues like drowsiness the following day.

For insomnia, avoid using over-the-counter sleeping aids. They may have negative effects, and with time, they often perform less effectively.

You must receive therapy for the illnesses or ailments that are keeping you up if you have persistent insomnia. Additionally, your doctor might advise behavioral treatment. You can discover what you can do to encourage sleep as well as how to change the things you do that aggravate insomnia.

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